Wave Resources

Waves for surfing are important resources for surfers and for coastal communities. How can we manage them better?

Wave Resource Management

This work examines relationships between local knowledge, sense of place, and resource stewardship—each of these has implications for sustainability—and the potential role of coastal resources users in management. These interdisciplinary components center around some of California's most iconic and important natural resources—beaches & waves—by engaging with the surfing community, whose local knowledge of these resources is unrivaled. I am collecting and recording their local ecological knowledge at science4surfing.org as well as pursuing related projects investigating the value and vulnerability of wave resources.

This ongoing work has resulted in various outputs, including:

  • Reineman DR & Sadrpour N. “The impacts of climate change on surfing resources.” SUBMITTED to Shore & Beach - May 2022.

  • Reineman DR, Koenig K, Strong-Cvetich N, Kittinger JN. 2021. “Conservation Opportunities Arise from the Co-Occurrence of Surfing and Key Biodiversity Areas.” Frontiers in Marine Science. (view article)

  • Atkin EA, Reineman DR, Reiblich J, Revell DL. 2020. “Applicability of Management Guidelines for Surfing Resources in California.” Shore & Beach Vol 88(3): 53-64. (view article)

  • Reiblich J & Reineman DR. 2018. “Rhino Chasers and Rifles: Surfing Under the Public Trust Doctrine.” Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law Vol 34(1): 35-92. (view article)

  • Reineman & Ardoin. 2018. Sustainable tourism and the management of nearshore coastal places: place attachment and disruption to surf-spots. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 26: 325-340. (view article)

  • Reineman, Thomas, & Caldwell. 2017. Using local knowledge to project the impacts of sea level rise on wave resources in California. Ocean and Coastal Management 138: 181-191. (view article)

  • Reineman. 2016. The utility of surfers' wave knowledge for coastal management. Marine Policy 67: 139-147. (view article)

  • Reineman. 2015. The human dimensions of wave resource management. Stanford University Dissertation. (information and background)

And forthcoming:

  • Sancho & Reineman. In Prep. The impacts of climate change on wave resources on the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica.

Predicting the future of the coast from its past.

"Surfers are magical oceanographers." - Ricky Grigg

The year's highest tides and what they portend for waves.

Peopled Seascapes

Coasts are complex, coupled social-ecological systems; managing their diverse resources, users, and inhabitants (human and otherwise) is a challenge. Understanding the relationships between people and coastal ecosystems, including governance approaches, is an interdisciplinary challenge. As part of a collaboration with colleagues in academia and at an international, coastal conservation NGO, the Save The Waves Coalition, we drew on common pool resource theory to evaluate the effectiveness of six countries' strategies for coastal governance through the World Surfing Reserve System.

  • I presented our initial results at the International Marine Conservation Congress in St. John's, Newfoundland in July 2016: Reineman & Strong-Cvetich "The World Surfing Reserve system: Comparative analysis of an integrated approach to common-pool marine resource governance."

My wider interests include the human-dimensions of oceans and coasts and how they are and are not incorporated into resource management. See:

  • Koehn, Reineman, & Kittinger. 2013. Progress and promise in spatial human dimensions research for ecosystem-based ocean planning. Marine Policy 42: 31-38. (view article)

  • Kittinger et al. 2014. A practical approach for putting people in ecosystem-based ocean planning. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12: 448-456. (view article)